Pre-agricultural Temple Abnormality If there is a temple, the site is very interesting because it shows the temple and other monumental structures against the archaeological order in which it was built after the rise of agriculture. According to the archaeological consensus, hunter-gatherer societies had no time and resources to build monumental structures. As the increase of food allowed enough people to leave food production and enter other full-time professions such as construction, masonry and priesthood, temples, palaces and similar institutions did not appear until the rise of agriculture.

The age of Gˆbekli Tepe indicates that agriculture is not necessary for the emergence of complex societies. Archaeologists Klaus Schmidt and Ian Hodder will say, "All of our theories are wrong." Hodder and Schmidt suggest that social complexity may have changed to accommodate the emerging social complexity rather than reacting to a change in livelihoods. People who want to build a temple argue, so in the end they have developed agriculture for the nutrition of the builders. In addition to the fact that it is difficult to prove scientifically, we are not at the head of the people who built the Gˆbekli Tepe complex; Archaeologists have known that for many years hunters have gathered wild grains, and there are large settlements hunting wild sheep, goats and summers in places like Jericho and Ain Ghazal. It was argued that these settlements were possible because of the extraordinary abundance of the fertile crescent in the Old Paleolithic Age.